<form id="lpcuk"><th id="lpcuk"></th></form>

  1. <table id="lpcuk"></table>
    <nobr id="lpcuk"><th id="lpcuk"></th></nobr>

      <nobr id="lpcuk"></nobr>

      <form id="lpcuk"></form>
      產品目錄
      Products
      相關文章
      Articles
      產品中心
      您現在的位置:首頁 > 產品中心 > 生化試劑及抗體 > 抗體及相關試劑 > 556547FITC膜聯蛋白V細胞凋亡檢測試劑盒(BD Pharmingen)

      FITC膜聯蛋白V細胞凋亡檢測試劑盒(BD Pharmingen)

      簡要描述:

      FITC膜聯蛋白V染色先于膜完整性的喪失,伴隨著由凋亡或壞死過程引起的細胞死亡階段。因此,FITC膜聯蛋白V的染色通常與重要染料(如碘化丙啶(PI)或7-氨基放線菌素(7-AAD))結合使用,以使研究人員能夠鑒定早期凋亡細胞(PI陰性,FITC膜聯蛋白V正)。具有完整膜的活細胞排除PI,使死亡和受損細胞的膜可透過PI。
      FITC膜聯蛋白V細胞凋亡檢測試劑盒(BD Pharmingen)

      更新時間:2017-10-11

      分享到:

      FITC膜聯蛋白V細胞凋亡檢測試劑盒(BD Pharmingen)描述

      凋亡是在胚胎發育過程中發生的正常生理過程以及組織穩態的維持。凋亡程序的特征是某些形態學特征,包括質膜不對稱和附著,細胞質和細胞核的縮合以及DNA的核小體間裂解。質膜的損失是zui早的特征之一。在凋亡細胞中,膜磷脂磷脂酰絲氨酸(PS)從質膜的內部和外部葉片轉位,從而將PS暴露于外部細胞環境。膜聯蛋白V是一種35-36 kDa的Ca2 +依賴性磷脂結合蛋白,對PS具有高親和力,并與暴露的PS結合細胞。膜聯蛋白V可以與包括FITC的熒光染料綴合。該格式保留了對PS的高親和力,因此用作對正在進行細胞凋亡的細胞的流式細胞分析的敏感探針。由于PS的外化發生在凋亡的早期階段,FITC膜聯蛋白V染色可以比基于核變化如DNA片段化的測定在早期鑒定凋亡。

       

      FITC膜聯蛋白V染色先于膜完整性的喪失,伴隨著由凋亡或壞死過程引起的細胞死亡階段。因此,FITC膜聯蛋白V的染色通常與重要染料(如碘化丙啶(PI)或7-氨基放線菌素(7-AAD))結合使用,以使研究人員能夠鑒定早期凋亡細胞(PI陰性,FITC膜聯蛋白V正)。具有完整膜的活細胞排除PI,使死亡和受損細胞的膜可透過PI。例如,認為可行的細胞是FITC膜聯蛋白V和PI陰性; 早期凋亡細胞是FITC Annexin V陽性和PI陰性; 細胞凋亡或已經死亡的細胞都是FITC膜聯蛋白V和PI陽性。該測定不區分已經經歷凋亡死亡的細胞與由于壞死性途徑死亡的細胞,因為在任一情況下,死細胞都會用FITC Annexin V和PI染色。然而,隨著時間的推移,當細胞凋亡被測量時,細胞可以經常從FITC膜聯蛋白V和PI陰性(可行或無可測量的凋亡)追溯到FITC膜聯蛋白V陽性和PI陰性(早期凋亡,膜完整性存在),zui后到FITC膜聯蛋白V和PI陽性(末期凋亡和死亡)。細胞通過這三個階段的運動表明細胞凋亡。相比之下,一個單一的觀察結果表明,細胞都是FITC膜聯蛋白V和PI陽性,本身就顯示出關于細胞進行死亡的過程的信息較少。

      準備和儲存

      在4°C下未經稀釋保存,防止長時間暴露于光線下。不要凍結

      產品通知

      1. 由于應用程序不同,每個研究者應滴定試劑以獲得*結果。
      2. 所有血清蛋白的來源均來自美國農業部檢查的位于美國的屠宰場。
      3. 注意:疊氮鈉在酸性條件下會產生高毒性的疊氮酸。在棄置之前將水中的疊氮化合物稀釋,以避免在管道中累積潛在的爆炸性沉積物。

      DESCRIPTION

      Apoptosis is a normal physiologic process which occurs during embryonic development as well as in maintenence of tissue homeostasis. The apoptotic program is characterized by certain morphologic features, including loss of plasma membrane asymmetry and attachment, condensation of the cytoplasm and nucleus, and internucleosomal cleavage of DNA. Loss of plasma membrane is one of the earliest features. In apoptotic cells, the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) is translocated from the inner to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane, thereby exposing PS to the external cellular environment. Annexin V is a 35-36 kDa Ca2+ dependent phospholipid-binding protein that has a high affinity for PS, and binds to cells with exposed PS. Annexin V may be conjugated to fluorochromes including FITC. This format retains its high affinity for PS and thus serves as a sensitive probe for flow cytometric analysis of cells that are undergoing apoptosis. Since externalization of PS occurs in the earlier stages of apoptosis, FITC Annexin V staining can identify apoptosis at an earlier stage than assays based on nuclear changes such as DNA fragmentation.

       

      FITC Annexin V staining precedes the loss of membrane integrity which accompanies the latest stages of cell death resulting from either apoptotic or necrotic processes. Therefore, staining with FITC Annexin V is typically used in conjunction with a vital dye such as propidium iodide (PI) or 7-Amino-Actinomycin (7-AAD) to allow the investigator to identify early apoptotic cells (PI negative, FITC Annexin V positive). Viable cells with intact membranes exclude PI, wheras the membranes of dead and damaged cells are permeable to PI. For example, cells that are considered viable are FITC Annexin V and PI negative; cells that are in early apoptosis are FITC Annexin V positive and PI negative; and cells that are in late apoptosis or already dead are are both FITC Annexin V and PI positive. This assay does not distinguish between cells that have undergone apoptotic death versus those that have died as a result of a necrotic pathway because in either case, the dead cells will stain with both FITC Annexin V and PI. However, when apoptosis is measured over time, cells can be often tracked from FITC Annexin V and PI negative (viable, or no measurable apoptosis), to FITC Annexin V positive and PI negative (early apoptosis, membrane integrity is present) and finally to FITC Annexin V and PI positive (end stage apoptosis and death). The movement of cells through these three stages suggests apoptosis. In contrast, a single observation indicating that cells are both FITC Annexin V and PI positive, in of itself, reveals less information about the process by which the cells underwent their demise.

      FITC膜聯蛋白V細胞凋亡檢測試劑盒(BD Pharmingen)PREPARATION AND STORAGE

      Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.

      PRODUCT NOTICES

      1. Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
      2. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
      3. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.

      留言框

      • 產品:

      • 您的單位:

      • 您的姓名:

      • 聯系電話:

      • 常用郵箱:

      • 省份:

      • 詳細地址:

      • 補充說明:

      • 驗證碼:

        請輸入計算結果(填寫阿拉伯數字),如:三加四=7

      © 2022 廣州市錦卓儀器設備有限公司(www.mjbt.net) 版權所有
      備案號:粵ICP備16076373號 技術支持:化工儀器網 管理登陸

      聯系人
      • 何道清

        13822197510

      在線客服
      夫洗澡被公玩30分钟完整视频,国产精品偷窥熟女精品视频,综合成人网友亚洲偷自拍,清纯校花沦为胯下玩物